Frustrated optical lattice: from topological excitations to deconfined phase transition

文:基础院与前沿研究院 图:基础与前沿研究院 / 来源:基础与前沿研究院 / 2019-06-21 / 点击量:1644

  由基础与前沿研究院主办的“基础论坛”第177期邀请到重庆大学张学锋教授来校作学术交流。具体安排如下,欢迎师生们参加。

  主 题:Frustrated optical lattice: from topological excitations to deconfined phase transition

  时 间:2019年6月27日(周四)14:30

  地 点:沙河校区 通信楼818室

  主讲人:张学锋  教授

张学锋.jpg

  个人简介:

  张学锋,2006年于山西大学物理基地班学士毕业,2011年在中科院理论物理所获得博士学位,之后先后在德国凯泽斯劳腾理工大学、马克斯普朗克复杂系统物理所从事博士后研究。主要通过量子蒙特卡洛数值模拟方法研究阻挫强关联系统中的新奇量子相,以及相关的拓扑激发与拓扑相变。

  报告摘要:

  We analyzed the repulsive particles in the frustrated optical lattice. For the triangular lattice, we find two co-order exist phases: supersolid [1] and ordered metals [2]. Both behave like fluid but also keep crystal structure. After introducing the spatial anisotropy, the bosonic domain walls are excited. Such topological defects can continuously change the crystal structure, so that the exotic incommensurate supersolid is observed [3].

  Similar phenomena can also be found in the kagome optical lattice. When choosing cylindrical boundary condition, we found a novel edge liquid phase with fractional charges (spinons) linked by quantum strings (effective gauge field) [4]. In the strong coupling limit, we obtained the effective lattice gauge field theory which shows easy-plane NCCP1 form. And it hints the phase transition from valence bond solid to superfluid can be continuous one which is beyond Ginzburg-Landau symmetry breaking diagram. Recently, such topological phase transition is verified by utilizing large scale quantum Monte Carlo simulations [5].

  [1] X.-F. Zhang, R. Dillenschneider, Y. Yu, and S. Eggert, Phys. Rev. B 84, 174515 (2011)

  [2] L.-F. Tocchio, C. Gros, X.-F. Zhang, and S. Eggert, Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 246405 (2014)

  [3] X.-F. Zhang, S.-J. Hu, A. Pelster, and S. Eggert, Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 193201 (2016)

  [4] X.-F. Zhang and S. Eggert, Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 147201 (2013)

  [5] X.-F. Zhang, Y.-C. He, S. Eggert, R. Moessner, and F. Pollmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 115702 (2018)


                        基础与前沿研究院

                         2019年6月21日


编辑:罗莎  / 审核:罗莎  / 发布者:陈伟